(Still) shooting itself in the foot……..

The Upper Llyfnant valley (with newly bulldozed tracks)

Living in west Wales as I do the issue of gamebird shooting has rarely raised its unpleasant head. I knew there was a shoot on the Dyfi estuary but it didn’t really seem like a problem. That all changed in a big way over the summer.

Cwmrhaiadr had been farmed in a fairly wildlife-friendly way for decades, is much loved by local people, and is stunningly beautiful. It consists mainly of the Upper Llyfnant valley, which runs north-south along the Ceredigion / Powys boundary, a few miles from Machynlleth. The river then swings westwards and flows into the Dyfi estuary. It is short but sweet. At the head of the valley is Pistyll-y-llyn (“waterfall of the lake”), down which the infant Llyfnant plunges from the Cambrian Mountain plateau into the lowlands. The farm was purchased by a businessman from Essex (he paid cash…), who sold the shooting rights to a Shropshire-based company, and began turning the valley into a commercial game-bird shoot. New roads were bulldozed throughout. It was lockdown so few people knew what was going on.

The valley has been renamed “Dyfi Falls”. The cost of a day’s shooting? A staggering £2640 (+ VAT).

The moorland at the head of the valley is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI); this includes the cliffs and steep hillsides at the head and upper reaches of the valley. Another SSSI lies a few miles downstream. It is deciduous woodland, a remnant of the “temperate rainforest”; rich in lichens, bryophytes and invertebrates. It would be susceptible to changes in the quality of the water running through it, and the air surrounding it..

In their early publicity the shoot company (Cambrian Birds) boasted about releasing 40,000 birds or more (pheasants and red-legged partridges) into the valley. Imagine that! Although this figure seems to have disappeared from their website they have never denied it. Certainly if you walk there (or anywhere within a few miles) you are continually tripping over pheasants, and I saw flocks of partridges totalling at least fifteen hundred birds. The shooting industry itself has estimated that only 35% (on average) of released birds are actually shot. At Cwmyrhaiadr that leaves 26,000 to die of starvation, predation, disease, parasites or being run over by cars. And of the estimated 57 million released annually in the UK – yes, you did read that correctly – 37 million will die similarly unfortunate deaths. One may view the shooting of birds for pleasure as unpleasant but these figures show that in every way the industry has a callous disregard for living creatures.

Now, regarding the SSSI. It is quite clear to anyone visiting the valley that the gamekeeper has placed many of the feeding hoppers as close as possible to the SSSI boundary. A trail of feed has illegally been laid – inside the SSSI – along the footpath from the valley bottom to the top of the waterfall. Cambrian Birds’ publicity states –

“The steep sided valleys will allow us to present high-flying birds flying straight back to their home at the centre of the estate”

And on their social media pages they excitedly tell us –

“Can’t wait to see these [pheasants] flying off the tops of those hills!”

The trouble is, those hills are the SSSI and (supposedly) protected from the release of non-native birds. Cambrian Birds may be (largely) respecting the letter of the law but certainly not the spirit. Or as one planning officer I spoke to put it:

They are very good at pushing the boundaries“.

For many years the RSPB has been equivocal about gamebird shooting. It accepted that in agricultural lowland Britain woodland was retained for the rearing and release of gamebirds. This provided habitat for many other species of wildlife and would otherwise probably have been felled to increase agricultural production. However the Society now recognises that the nature of gamebird shooting has changed, saying in a recent report –

there are substantial negative environmental consequences from the industrialised form of this shooting, including the direct and indirect impacts that released birds can have on other wildlife. ” 

It has now told the industry that if it does not put its house in order within 18 months – reducing the quantity of birds released, for example – it will call for statutory regulation of gamebird shooting. The RSPB is a powerful organisation and this may bear some fruit. But we should also remember that the landowning class has its own political party which is currently in power with a very large majority.

Meanwhile the pressure group Wild Justice is pursuing a legal case against the government in the High Court, arguing that it is failing in its duty to protect native species in the UK from the excesses of the shooting industry. . The industrial quantities of non-native birds released into the countryside amount to “a very serious ecological assault” upon it, Wild Justice says. The biomass of pheasants and red-legged partridges released every year “exceeds that of all native UK birds put together“, it adds. The Court case will be heard in early November.

What of the shooting industry itself? The British Association for Shooting and Conservation (BASC) portrays itself as the voice of the reason in the debate. It has a series of “guidelines” for the industry, for example, and a “policy” of zero tolerance over the killing of birds of prey. As for the RSPB’s new position on gamebird shooting, the BASC says –

 if the RSPB really wants to regain some good will and positive influence with the shooting world, they would do well to start formally recognising and celebrating where and how things are going right.”

The problem is that this has been the RSPB’s position for many years already. Self-regulation has failed to keep the shooting fraternity in check. Raptors continue to be killed on shooting estates, for example, and many believe that the industry is completely out of control. Hence the RSPB’s change of heart. So will the shooting industry begin to mend their ways? If the example of Cwmrhaiadr is anything to go by, the answer is a resounding “no”.

POSTSCRIPT: On November 12th I walked up the Llyfnant valley to observe and photograph the shoot that was taking place on that day. I kept a very low profile, carefully using public rights of way (where they weren’t blocked) and open access land. I left my van at the end of the public road adjacent to the entrance to Cwmrhaiadr. When I returned I found that two of my tyres had been slashed.

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13 thoughts on “(Still) shooting itself in the foot……..

  1. I believe NRW should be taken to court by members of the local community for not insisting on ecological impact assessment before allowing business to start operating– saving everyone time, hassle, money, and fostering good business and land management. NRW is not doing its job; only we can hold the organisation accountable. In the courts.
    They may have to compensate the landowners for ceasing this business activity.

    1. If I understand you correctly I agree that NRW is doing a woeful job at protecting and enhancing biodiversity. This is partly a result of massive cuts to its funding over the last ten years and partly due to Welsh government, which tells it what to do every year. It has no independence and only puts into place WG policy. There is also probably a sense of disillusionment and lack of motivation amongst its staff.

  2. Seriously upsetting report Jerry. Can I repost to Cere bird blog and Cere birds and wildlife FB page? Wild Justice just won their case so maybe this new shoot can be called in.

    1. Wild Justice did not win their case at all, this is false news put out by a failed attempt to stop Game Shooting. DEFRA issued an open licence with regard to EU SSI’s and all other UK SSI’s are already covered by existing UK laws. Please get your facts right. Also the cost of a day’s shooting at Dyfi Falls is wong too.

      1. It will take me a while to check what you say about SSSI’s.

        However, the cost of a day’s shooting is absolutely correct; it was advertised at that price on the Guns on Pegs website, prior to the cancelled first shoot in October.

      2. Tony, if you read my original post again you will see that what I wrote is entirely correct. Unlike the vast majority of the media I didn’t refer to Wild Justice winning their case. I agree that most of WJ’s demands were not met and at best it appears to have been a score draw.

        However, following DEFRA’s decision the following statement appeared on the BAS(C) website –

        “…………. Shooting organisations have responded with scepticism to Defra’s proposal to implement a licensing system for gamebird release in and around European protected sites ……. ”

        The shooting industry were also quoted in the same statement as saying –

        “We are supportive and fully committed to self-regulation and the principles of gamebird management in the interest of sustainable shooting. ”

        There is copious evidence available that self-regulation has failed miserably, and that gamebird shooting is far from being sustainable.

  3. Thanks Liz.

    I have added a postscript to mention the Wild Justice success but noted that it may not affect SSSI’s or the wider countryside. There is also the problem that the environment is devolved to the Welsh government.

    But please do go ahead!

    1. It’s not just the bloodsport angle that I object to, Andrea. It’s the sheer number of birds released in such a limited area, and the likelihood that they will cause environmental damage.

      An ihnteresting quote I read recently was the biomass of the pheasants released every year in the UK is greater than the biomass of ALL other British birds!

  4. But without the release of gamebirds the habitat provided & maintained for them at considerable expense by the shooting industry + the control of pest predators (rats are extremely efficient at wiping out ground nesting birds eggs or clutches) would be lost.
    The end result being that there would be less wild birds than there are now whilst they are subsided & protected by shooting & shoot management.
    The vast majority of shoots in the UK are on far smaller scales & at much lower stocking densities than this, & they support greater numbers and greater ranges of wild birds than land not managed for shooting – if you’d like to see a wildlife desert then go for a walk on a top level golf course, there won’t even be any worm casts on the surface as they have all been killed off by chemicals so the ball will run in a straight line.
    The RSPB is hardly in a position to offer a serious opinion, it lies to its’ own members about carrying out predator species control (i.e. killing), which it does but doesn’t like admitting too; and it’s own attempts at moorland management have been abject failures resulting in no hen harriers & hardly any red grouse.
    By contrast the areas with the greatest success for hen harriers raising clutches are on managed grouse moors where foxes, rats & stoats (all of which exist in large numbers in the UK) are controlled allowing these and other ground nesting species, including my favourite the Curlew, to breed successfully and hang on although their future is uncertain because of the losses outside of these managed areas.
    If you don’t like shooting then fine, don’t take part in it (that’s why I never go to a disco), but don’t seek to stop others taking part & don’t gloss over the facts to suit an anti shooting agenda. Are a few shoots too big or over stocked? Yes, probably. But they in turn bring a lot of money into economically inactive areas during the winter when otherwise the hotels etc. would be empty & they employ a lot of local people who can earn an income or supplement an otherwise inadequate income ( hill Shepard, farm hand summer time employed hotel staff etc.) and so can stay in the area they grew up in and not be forced out to make ends meet.
    I can’t afford shoots like this, or even ones at less than a third of the price, but I refuse to castigate them out of jealousy or some form of perceived class conflict.
    Can they improve their’ acts, yes – but this is a brand new shoot learning the ground & trying to become established; once it does this it can start on a path of improvement like most new ventures do.
    Until then accept that without the shooting industry and the benefits it brings to the countryside, your walks wouldn’t be as scenic as most of the cover & woodland would be lost to the plough, & there would be far lower wildlife diversity & numbers to see. (Maybe more rats, invasive grey squirrels, & carrion crows though).

    1. I think I’ve covered most of your points in the article. I agree that the retention of woodland for shooting in many cases benefitted wildlife and the RSPB recognised this for many years. That is why for many years it was neutral on the subject of shooting. However the sheer scale and vast numbers of birds now being released has forced the organisation to change its mind.

      One thing I did not mention was the illegal killing of birds of prey and mammalian predators on shooting estates. The most shocking example is the number of hen harriers known or thought likely to have been killed on or near grouse moors; 51 birds since 2018. (The actual number is probably much higher). Then there was the case of the satellite transmitter originally fitted to a young golden eagle which subsequently disappeared. It was later found – encased in lead – in a stream on a grouse moor. Can you defend that? Yet the shooting lobby continues to protest that it is whiter than white and that self-regulation works.

      The RSPB may occasionally need to control (ok….kill) predators to protect rare nesting birds. An example might be where a particular kestrel was predating at a little tern colony. They might feel that as a last resort (and only that) they may have no alternative.

      You and your shooting pals might like to read the following article from the editor of the Spectator – a shooter himself.


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